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Environmental Technologies Sector Review

Definition and scale of sector

  • Environmental products,
  • Environmental services (utilities) and specialist consultancies,
  • Energy production technologies

Why the sector was chosen in the West Midlands

  • Significant economic growth potential worldwide led by global concerns over climate change,
  • Diminishing resources and waste management.
  • Diversification opportunity related to skills available within region and technology transfer from existing sectors. Identified by recent DTI work as a regional cluster

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Lessons for Sri Lanka's agricultural development - February 2008

The World Development Report 2008 (WDR) that was launched in Colombo on January 29th had valuable lessons for Sri Lanka's economy and the development of agriculture. This is especially so as there is a lack of understanding on the role of agriculture in the current Sri Lankan stage of development. There are some who depreciate the role of agriculture, while others stress its importance to an unrealistic extent. The significance of the World Development Report 2008 is that it reasserts the importance of agriculture in economic growth and redefines its role in relation to the stage of economic development of countries. It is a balanced and sober reassertion of the importance of agriculture that policy makers should take into consideration.

Source: The Sunday Times Economic Analysis 



Off-Grid And Grid Connection In Sri Lanka - December 2006

Sri Lanka energy sector is dominated by conventional energy sources with more than 50% of the total consumption coming from biomass, 11.4% from hydro 31.6% from petroleum and rest from renewable like solar and wind. Only around 60% of the house holds in Sri Lanka have been electrified with the figure varying from 90% in Colombo to less than 40% in Monaragala district.

The Government has been reviewing the overall energy policy and this year (2006) is producing a revised policy document. The new policy has recognized the need for a greater diversity in the source of fuel and in particular the need for a key third fuel source to support the role of hydropower and oil. The third fuel is to be coal, but the need for renewable is accepted. The intention being that coal and renewable provide 20% of the power needs of the country by 2010 and 80% by 2025.

Source: National Resource Institute (NRI)


 Country situation Report on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in Sri Lanka - CEJ - March 2006

The international POPs elimination network began a global NGO project called the international POPs elimination project (IPEP) in partnership with the united nations industrial development organization (UNIDO) and the United Nations environment program (UNEP). The global environment facility (GEF) provided core funding for the project.

Source: Centre for Environmental Justice


Country Synthesis Report on Urban Air quality managment - December 2006

The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, known as Ceylon before 1972, lies in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal. It is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The pear-shape island consists mostly of flat to rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part. The country is divided into 25 districts. Colombo is the capital city of Sri Lanka and lies in a coastal area in the lowlands on the southwestern part of the island. The city covers an area of 37.29 square kilometers (km2). It is strategically located as a seaport as planned during the early part of the 20th century (Liyanage 2003).

Source: Asian Development Bank



Eco-housing Guidelines for the Tropical Regions of Asia - September 2005

The recent Asian Tsunami has further fuelled the demand for housing and infrastructure in the coastal areas of Asia. Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Maldives, were the most affected countries with huge loss of lives, housing, and infrastructure. The concept of eco-housing has found wide acceptance from the political leadership in the Asia-Pacific, but they cite the need to see working models to take policy decisions.

To meet this need, UNEP and UN-HABITAT joined hands in 2004, to promote and demonstrate eco-housing as a key preventive measure in the Asia-Pacific region. This report is a compilation of the eco-housing guidelines prepared for the project in Indonesia, Maldives and Sri Lanka. A chapter describes the application of the Generic Design Guidelines for the demonstration project in Sri Lanka.

Source: United Nation Environment Programme, Bangkok, Thailand




Renewable Energy - Sri Lanka Solar Industry Market Survey - September 2005

The Government of Sri Lanka requested the World Bank and GEF to support the country in mainstreaming renewable energy options for rural electrification and augmentation of generation capacity to the national grid.

The project provides support for solar PV investments to expand the market and gain commercial viability. In particular, the Project's refinance, grant, and technical assistance (TA) support seek to solidify the existing middle-range solar home system market and expand service to other applications such as smaller systems accessible to poor households and community applications for health clinics, schools and street lighting.

Source: Rural Economic Development (RERED) Project




Oil, Gas, Refining & Petrochemical (Plant Design & Construction) Market in Sri Lanka - June 2005

Sri Lanka is to call its first bidding round for oil exploration in 2005. All necessary paper work such as model petroleum resource agreements and development licenses has been drawn up and legislation is in place.

Eight blocks are to be offered in the Mannar Basin going down Southwards to Kalutara, with a 4-8 KM thick sedimentary basin promising oil potential of about 10 to 50 mn barrels. Investors will be given five months of international due diligence, buying available data packages prior to submitting technical and financial proposals for evaluation. Targets are to select investors by end 2005, so that further surveys and drilling of cat wells could begin by 2006.

Source: UK trade and Investment




Solar Industry Growth Analysis - June 2005

The growth of the solar industry in Sri Lanka is supported under the Renewable Energy for Rural Economic Development Project (RERED), which became effective in October 2002 and is scheduled to close at the end of 2007. There is also some concern as to whether the growth of the industry is contributing to market deepening and increased access by the rural poor.

The objective of this assignment, to quote from the terms of reference, is "to conduct an analysis of the (Sri Lanka) solar industry with particular focus on: (1) state of the industry; (2) impact of the phase out of GEF co-financing grant on the industry; and (3) suggestions for the sustained growth of the industry."

Source: The DFCC Bank




Rubber Sector Review - BOI - June 2005

Sri Lanka is the world's 9th largest producer and the 10th largest exporter of natural rubber (NR). It is also the major supplier of high quality latex crepe to the world market and the world's largest manufacturer and exporter of solid tyres for off-road-vehicles. Nearly 60% of the NR production in Sri Lanka is used for value added rubber products. The bulk of these value-added products are for the export market. Foreign investors from 20 countries have set up lucrative and long standing world class ventures under BOI approval. The 59 BOI approved rubber industry projects consume nearly 75% of Sri Lanka's total domestic NR production.

Source: Sri Lanka Board of Investment


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