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Pakistan

Food and Drink Sector Review

 

Definition and scale of sector

  • Agricultural commodities supply primary produce processing,
  • Secondary processing,
  • Wholesaling distribution,
  • Food-processing machinery

Why the sector was chosen in the West Midlands

  • Employment growth recorded in cluster.
  • Consumer tastes and concerns over food safety are key drivers.
  • Both create opportunities to value added through, for example, innovations in prepared ethnic foods and organics.
  • Significant force for change in rural areas through a strengthening of supply linkages.

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Spices Processing and Packaging - 2014

According to a definition spice is a dried seed, fruit, root,bark,orvegetable substance primarilyused for flavoring, coloring or preserving food.Sometimes a spice is used to hide other flavors. Spices are distinguished from herbs, which are parts of leafy green plants also used for flavoring or as garnish.Many spices have antimicrobial properties.This is explained why spices are more commonly used in warmer climates, which have more infectious disease, and why use of spices is especially prominent in meat,which is particularly susceptible to spoiling.A spice may have other uses,including medicinal,religious ritual, cosmetics or perfume production, or as a vegetable. For instance, turmeric roots are consumed as a vegetable and garlic as an antibiotic.

Source: Industrial Advisory Unit(IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

Honey Processing Unit - October 2013

Honey has been an important commoditythroughout the ancientworld. Itwas found and usedin Egypt, India, Persia, Rome,Greece andArabia.The extensive references of honey can be seen intheir art and literature. In Greece nectar wasconsidered as the drink of the gods. Due to itsmedicinal and nutritionvalues it is calledagiftofGod.TheRig-Veda, the oldest sacred book of India,compiled during 2000 to 3000 BC, containsmanyreferences to both honeyand bees.Therewas a tradein honey by 1000 BC in India.In the Holy Quran (The Divine Book ofMuslims), honeyhas been ranked at the top amongall foods and diets. In Sura 16 ofHolyQuranAllahsays:Under the title “TheBee”,Andthylord inspiredthe bee, choose thou habitations in theHills and inthe trees and in thatwhichtheythatch;Then eatof allfruit, and follows theways of thylord,made smoothor thee.Here cometh forth from, their bellies a drinkdiverse of hues, wherein is healing for mankind.Herein is indeed a portent for peoplewho reflect.”

Source: Industrial Advisory Unit(IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Kinnow Processing Unit I- October 2012

Citrus is a leading fruit of Pakistan. It comprises about 40 percent of all fruits and is grown in all four provinces of Pakistan. Punjab produces over 90 percent of the total production of specific quality of kinnow.

According to a study, of Farhat Ullah Khan, Nowshad Khan and Zaibunnisa Abdullah about 80 percent citrus fruit production is kinnow. Pakistan is one of the world’s largest kinnow producting country and is gradually becoming an important exporter of the kinnow too.

The latest development is that Pakistani growers are experimenting to produce seedless kinnow in the country. Presently, kinnow is grown in the country have more seeds per wedge than other citrus fruits of the world. The high seed content of this variety is a major hindrance in out-of-hand eating. Some researchers have made efforts to select seedless kinnow by the use of mutants. The seeds of kinnow are naturally diploid or tetraploid. Seedless triploid varieties have been developed and still undergoing testing to ascertain whether the fruit is healthy for consumption or not.

However, Pakistan is expected to get breakthrough in seedless kinnow as F1 and F2 research resulted positive while research work on F3 is under process, officials of Pakistan Horticulture Development and Export Board (PHDEB) said. CEO PHDEB, Shamoon Sadiq said, hopefully the plantation process would be started in next fruit season. Dr Shahzad at Karachi University is heading a team of experts on tissues culture and result for F3 will surely bear fruit in seedless kinnow in near future.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Kinnow Processing Unit II- October 2012

Pakistan is growing a large number of fruits and vegetables and their export peaked in 2010, but later on dropped in quantity. However, fruits earned more dollars because of increasing prices in the international markets and due to better quality. After touching to highest level of 687k ton in FY10, the fruit exports dipped to 669k ton in FY11 and further plunged to 493k ton in the subsequent year.

However, export earnings increased from $239 million in FY10 to $292 million in FY11 and then reached $357 million in the FY12. Fruit exporters say that due to higher international prices, better marketing strategies and enhanced quality of export of fruits in 2012 were the main reasons of this increase. While some exporters lost the Middle East mango market due to not ensuring timely delivery of the product, besides, the C&F cost of Indian mango was lower than Pakistani mango.

Vice Chairman of Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Exporters Association, Waheed Ahmed, blamed that PIA is not cooperating with the exporters, by not allocating sufficient space for export of fruits and vegetables. While PIA officials said that cargo of fruits and vegetables are taken in the passenger planes which are occasionally delayed. They said over the last two years exports are suffering because of lack of cold storage of fruits near the airports.

Fruit exporters pointed out that FY12 was the worst for fruit exports, quantity wise, because they could not export peach, pears, strawberries and cherries because processing and packaging of these fruits could not take place in Northern areas due to law and order situation.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Oil Extraction Unit II - January 2012

Unsaturated vegetable fats and oils can be transformed through partial or complete “hydrogenation” into fats and oils of higher melting point. The hydrogenation process involves “sparging” the oil at high temperature and pressure with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst, typically a powdered nickel compound. As each carbon-carbon doublebond is chemically reduced to a single bond, two hydrogen atoms each form single bonds with the two carbon atoms.

The elimination of double bonds by adding hydrogen atoms is called saturation; as the degree of saturation increases, the oil progresses toward being fully hydrogenated.


An oil may be hydrogenated to increase resistance to rancidity (oxidation) or to change its physical characteristics. As the degree of saturation increases, the oil’s viscosity and melting point increase.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Oil Extraction Unit I - January 2012

 Pakistan is facing huge deficit of edible oil that is growing day by day. Pakistan has a vast potential for production of oilseeds by growing sunflower, cottonseed, canola and oil palm cultivation.

The rise in overall import bill of the country is the result of increase in international oil and commodity prices. The import bill increased by Rs2,467 million in the first ten months of the current fiscal year only because of surge in import price of major items i.e. petroleum products, petroleum crude, palm oil, raw cotton, Iron and steel and sugar. Moreover, Pakistan’s overall import growth during July-April 2010-11 was 6.0 percent, the unit values of items listed in table-1 remained equal to it’s last year level.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE


 

Potato Industry II Arpril 2011

The Potato Chips project can be set up in any big city of Pakistan. The unit will produce premium quality potato chips to be sold in the local market, competing with existing brands. The unit will use modern automated machinery for all the processes, ensuring quality check through out the production process. After processing, the finished potato chips are packed in 3 different packet sizes. The opportunity of the snack food business was almost unknown to the investors of Pakistan up to the mid eighties but after that the investment in this sector has picked up at a moderate speed. However, even in this period the Pakistani snacks market was represented by different types of biscuits and corn based products. Potato chips have recently been introduced on the snack’s list and taken up a major share. Over the past few years the demand for snacks in general and potato chips in particular is rising.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

Potato Industry I - April 2011

Pakistan has unique but unsophisticated network of up to six or seven intermediaries between the growers and end user of potato. Because of so many
layers and lack of adequate marketing infrastructure facilities, 30 to 40pc of the perishable products gets spoiled before reaching the ultimate consumer.
Pakistan is one of the largest potato producing country in the world. The production increased from 860 thousand ton (k), 1991-92, to 3141k ton in
2009-10, which was the highest in the histroy of potato production. Area under potato crop cultivation has increased, as against the set target, and crop was grown over an area of 138k hectare in 2009-10, rose from 76k hectares in 1991-92.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

Dates Processing I - June 2009

Pakistan ranked seventh in top ten date producing countries, table-1. However, it remained 5th in date production, during 1999-06, table-3. Its exports were 89,349 ton, valuing $32 million in 2006.
The production of dates in Pakistan was around 496,576 metric ton in 2005, that rose to 506,623 ton in 2006, table-3. In the same year the production of dates in Balochistan was 252,317metric ton.
In 2002-03 the production of date was 625 thousand ton that decreased to 427 thousand ton in 2003-04 and rose to 510 thousand ton in 2007, table-4. In spite of being an important date producing country Pakistan also imported 37,765 ton dates to meet the local demand in Ramadan, table-5, valuing 6,484 thousand dollars, table-6.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Dates Processing II - June 2009

The fruits and vegetables exports during July-May, 2008-09, increased by 6.55 percent and 26.63 percent respectively.
During the eleven months of the current financial year, Pakistan earned $143,716 million by exporting about 435,198 metric ton of fruit from the country.
The fruit export during the corresponding period of 2007-08 was 384,384 metric ton valuing $134,886 million.
The vegetable export during July-May 2009 also registered an increase of 26.63 percent as compared to the same period of last year. During the period about 343,198 metric ton of different vegetables worth $67,329 million were exported as compared to 211,458 metric ton of the commodity at a total cost of $5.317 million during same period of the last year.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Citrus Fruits - I - May 2009

After a period of rapid growth in production, the citrus producers across the world are facing problem of declining prices. Nearly all agricultural crops are affected by production and price cycles. For perennial crops such as citrus, price cycles are long, spreading over several years, because of the long lag between price signals and output changes.
The main reason behind the slowdown in rate of growth of citrus production was that lower prices faced by citrus growers caused reductions in the rate of new plantings and thereby reduces output growth. It is possible that some events will result in a major reduction in output and stimulate a new round of production expansion. Without a sudden production shock the first decade of the 21st century saw retrenchment and consolidation and eventually favorable prices were expected to return. Higher prices will be the impetus for new grove development.
Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the family Rutaceae, originating in tropical and subtropical southeast regions of the world. The Latin word citrus was borrowed from ancient Greek kedros "cedar, juniper" probably through Etruscan while the Romans used the word to several different trees.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Citrus Fruits - II - May 2009

World citrus production and consumption has witnessed a period of strong growth since the mid- 1980s. Productions of oranges, tangerines and lemons and limes have all expanded rapidly. Larger production levels have enabled higher levels of total as well as per capita consumption of citrus. Faster growth was recorded for processed citrus products as improvements in transportation and packaging have lowered costs and improved quality.
With rapid output expansion and slower demand growth for some citrus products has come lowed the prices for both fresh and processed citrus products, especially at the grower level. As a result, the rate of new plantings has slowed. Hence, projected growth rates in both production and consumption over the next ten years are expected to be lower than those recorded over the last ten years.
The two largest citrus producing countries: Brazil and the United States are expected to retain their leadership. Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Florida, United States will continue to be the two largest processed orange producing regions in the world. With the growth of clementine consumption, Spain is expected to expand its production of tangerines.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

Wheat & Rice Crops I - February 2009

It is estimated that Pakistan would produce more wheat than target of 25 million ton fixed for the current season. After value addition, about 2 million ton of wheat flour would be exported to Afghanistan and Middle East.
In the global markets wheat prices have dropped 62 percent to $5.12 per bushel pressured by rising global supplies and due to economic recession in the world.
Wheat is a staple food item of Pakistani people; therefore, it is grown in almost every part of the country. It contributes 12.7 percent to the value addition in agriculture and 2.6 percent to GDP. Area and production of wheat for the year 2006-07 were 8,578 thousand hectares and 23 million ton, respectively. Wheat was cultivated on an area of 8,414 thousand hectares in 2007-08. The size of the wheat crop was estimated at 21.75 million ton, 6.6 percent less than last year and 9.4 percent less than the target of this year, table-1.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Wheat & Rice Seed Processing Unit II - February 2009

The government has planned a project for the establishment of facilitation units for vegetable seed and nursery programme with an estimated cost of Rs497.5 million. It would reduce import bill and increase production of different types of seeds.
Under the project, 20 participatory seed and nursery production units would be established. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the project is meant for production of hybrid vegetable seeds on Public-Private Partnership basis. The project will also reduce the amount of import bill of seeds, besides creating an enabling environment for growth of vegetable seed industry and transfer of advance technologies with participation of all stakeholders.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

SEAFOOD INDUSTRY - III - A Report from IAR - November 2008

Shrimp export has a share of 60 % the total seafood export of Pakistan. The annual catch of the shrimp has reached the sustainable limit of scrimping. In order to increase the shrimp exports shrimp farming should be encouraged to produce shrimp on commercial level. Farmed cultured shirmps is almost non-existent in Pakistan, while India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Iran are active in this area and plat a major role in the seafood export. Farmed shrimp contribute more then $1,100 million in the export of Thailand only.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

SEAFOOD INDUSTRY - II - A Report from IAR - November 2008

Fish represents a valuable source of proteins and has significant nutrient value in daily diet. Fish is an important part of the daily food intake of most of the countries in the world and its important in contributing to food security is rising significantly. The processing project of seafood is based on fish, shrimps, lobsters etc. for domestic and international markets. Processing of fish is the application of preservation techniques in order to retain quality and increase in shelflife of the product.

Source: Industrial Advisory Report (IAR)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

SEAFOOD INDUSTRY - I - A Report from IAR - October 2008

The European Union in early 2007 banned Pakistan's seafood export forcing the previous government to ask Cometitiveness Support Fund (CSF) to intervene. CSF prepared a master plan for the harbor, including a roadmap of the modernization of existing auction halls and construction of new ones, which are almost to be complete soon.

Source: Industrial Advisory Reports (IAR)

FOR FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

SUGAR INDUSTRY - III - A Report from IAR - October 2008

World sugar production for the 2008-2009 marketing year is forecasted at 161.7 million ton, raw value, down 3.8 million ton from the revised at 160.8 million ton, up 4.6 million ton from a year earlier. Export would be at 51 million ton, up 733 thousand ton and ending stocks are supposed to be 41.3 million ton in 2008-2009, down 3.5 million ton.

Source: IAR Industrial Advisory Reports

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SUGAR INDUSTRY - II- A Report from IAR- September 2008

The sugar beet production successfully tried by the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock (MINFAL) in the past five years at various locations in Punjab and Sindh province but there are some questions that are mainly related to the marketing of sugar beet crop.

SOURCE: IAR Industrial Advisory Reports

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SUGAR INDUSTRY - I - A report from IAR - September 2008

Present Scenario The Punjab government increased the minimum purchase price of sugarcane from Rs60 to Rs80 per 40 kg for the crushing season 2008-09, which is 33 percent more, compared to last year's price. While the sugarcane department has proposed to fix the support price of sugarcane at Rs83.28 per 40 kg for the September crop and for December crop it has suggested a price of Rs105.48 per 40 kg.

SOURCE: IAR Industrial Advisory Reports

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE 

 

 

Setting A Poultry Farm - A Report from IAR - February 2008

Poultry industrty is once again facing crisis due to avian influenza. Large-scale deaths of birds was confirmed at a local farm, (bird flu) that has crept into Karachi.

Within a few days almost 12,000 broiler birds of four weeks, have been lost in only one farm in Gadap Town. Although the owner has ensured all the routine vaccination to the birds, except the avian influenza (AI) vaccines. The government officials had told him that there was no need to vaccinate the broiler birds against AI.

The magnitude of the deaths of birds and the symptoms of the disease gave the impression that the development was very similar to avian influenza, which had already affected some other poultry forms in Gadap and Bin Qasim Town as well as farms in some other parts of the province.

Source: IAR - Industrial Advisory Reports

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Poultry Industry II - A Report from IAR - February 2008

Poultry include chicken, turkey, ducks and geese. These items are raised for meat and eggs. The poultry industry has made great strides in the last few decades in Pakistan and has increased at the rate of 20 to 25 percent per annum.

Modern poultry farming plays an important role, as far as nutrition is concerned. It is an easy and relatively cheap method of raising the dietary standards of the people. The shortage of animal protein in Pakistan has been estimated about 1.5 million ton, at 140 million population.

The human diet in Pakistan is deficient with respect to proteins of animal origin. At present 66 percent are suffering from deficent in protein. According to international standard the requirement of protein is 102.7 gram per head per day while the available protein is 69.61 gram per head per day. The gap in requirement of protein is 33.09 gram. The main source of animal protein is beef, mutton, milk, poultry meat and eggs.

Source: IAR - Industrial Advisory Reports

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Poultry Industry - A Report from IAR - January 2008

Pakistan's economy witnessed a moderate recovery during FY07 with real GDP growth reaching the 7.0 percent target, as compared to 6.6 percent in FY06. This is the fourth successive year of sustained high growth in the economy, with the average annual growth accelerating to 7.0 percent during the 2003- 07. Growth in agriculture and industry also showed an improvement, over the previous year.

Agricultural growth was primarily due to a considerably improved performance of the cropping sub-sector, which overshadowed the impact of a growth in the meat and eggs.

Source: IAR - Industrial Advisory Reports

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Fruit juice processing Industry IV - Update - January 2008

The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has developed guidelines for banks to enhance flow of formal credit to the horticulture sector, keeping in view its importance and untapped potential.

These guidelines are aimed at assisting and facilitating banks to penetrate in this sector by rigorously financing related activities. The guidelines cover the financing for horticulture crops and its value addition/processing. Whereas, the financing for hortibusiness activities are to be made as per prudential regulations of commercial and SME financing.

The main objectives of the guidelines are to facilitate banks in developing internal expertise and products for horticulture financing, to encourage and facilitate financial sector to provide needed working capital and term finance to horticulture sector, and to promote export of fruits and vegetables foods by promoting processing industry for value addition.

Source: IAR - Industrial Advisory Report

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

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Tomato Paste Industry II - A Report from IAR - November 2007

Agriculture sector is the backbone of Pakistan's economy employing 44 percent of the work force. Nature has blessed Pakistan with an ideal climate for growing a large variety of vegetables and fruits. Agricultural sector is directly or indirectly, contributing one fourth of the GDP.

Pakistan has a total fruit production of about 5,900,881 ton and total vegetable production of about 6,171,986 ton. The production of main fruits and their export can be seen in IAR#74 table-5. The production of fruits and vegetables in Pakistan has not been trated by better postharvest management and by appropriate modernization of the processing techniques, causes losses.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Tomato Paste Industry I - October 2007

Agriculture continues to be the single largest sector, a dominant driving force for growth and the main source of livelihood for 66 percent of the country's population. It accounts for 20.9 percent of the GDP and employs 43.4 percent of the total work force. Agriculture contributes to growth as a supplier of raw materials to industry as well as a market for industrial products and also contributes substantially to Pakistan's exports earnings. Thus any improvements in agriculture will not only help country's economic growth to rise at a faster rate but will also benefit a large segment of the country's population and eliviate poverty.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

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Friut Juice processing Industry I - A Report from IAR - November 2007

Agriculture remains the largest sector of the Pakistan economy contributing 22 percent to the GDP and employing 44.8 percent of the total labour force. About 65.9 percent of the country's population living in rural areas is directly or indirectly linked with agriculture for its livelihood. Pakistan is blessed with a diverse climate, fertile land and one of the best canal irrigation systems in the world.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

Food and drink - a report from Bharat book bureau - August 2007

Independent 5 year Food and Drink industry forecast for Pakistan Original Food and Drink market research and Food and Drink sector trend analysis for Pakistan. Competitive intelligence, regional Food and Drink company rankings and SWOT analyses on international and domestic Food and Drink companies in Pakistan.

Source: Bharat Book Breau

FOR FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

Mango Processing Unit II - June 2007

Pakistani mangoes are in great demand in the international market due to their quality and variety, besides nutrient and minerals contents. It is one of the most popular tropical fruits in the world and an important export item earning about $24 million annually. Around 60 to 70 percent good quality mango is exported to Middle East and 15 to 16 percent to Europe. The volume of exports varies from year to year as in 2003 and 2004 it was around, 59,000 and 77,000 ton, respectively.

Pakistani mangoes are directly compositing with India mangoes. Indian is the world's largest producer of mangoes but Pakistan has cost, advantage over it, in terms of transportation costs because of lesser distances of ports, especially for Middle Eastern markets.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

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Mango Processing Unit I - June 2007

The Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the most economically important fruit in the Anacardiaceae (Cashew or poison ivy family). Other important members of this family include cashew and pistachio. The mango is the most important foodstuff for inhabitants of the tropics after the banana. There are 150 cultivars of mangoes produced around the world.

There are thousands of mango cultivars grown throughout the world, of which Asia has over 500 varieties, 69 species mostly restricted to tropical regions. Mango is the 4th most rapidly growing trade after taro, single strength citrus juice and cassava tapioca. Being the third largest grower of mangoes Pakistan produces approximately 5.86 percent of the total world's mango production.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

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Policy Analysis on the Competitive Advantage of the Food Processing Sector in Pakistan: Focus on Quality, Safety and Standards - May 2007

Pakistan is primarily an agricultural country with a high proportion of its population living in rural areas. Agriculture and fisheries provide the raw material for an extensively developed food processing industry that accounts for between 25 and 30 percent of GDP. With a host of sub-sectors it is the largest industry in Pakistan and it continues to grow as the use of processed food becomes popular especially in the cities. The list of sub-sectors includes beverages, dairy, fruits and vegetables (horticulture), snack foods and cereal-based foods (wheat and rice), meat, confectionery and vegetable oil (including vegetable ghee).

Source: Competitiveness Support Fund

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

Pakistan Agriculture Sector - BOI - December 2006

Agriculture is the single largest sector of the economy. It contributes 24 percent of the GDP, employs 48.4 percent of country's workforce and is a major source of foreign exchange earnings. About 68% of the population lives in rural Pakistan and depends upon agriculture for sustenance. The average annual growth rate of agriculture during 1990s was 4.5%. The highest growth rate of 11.7 percent was achieved in 1995-96 mainly due to increase in cotton, gram, milk and meat production. The sector touched the lowest negative growth rate of 5.3 percent in 1992-93 mainly due to decrease in cotton and sugarcane production. The major crops as wheat, cotton, rice, sugarcane and maize account for 41% of value added and minor crops 10% in overall agriculture. Livestock has emerged as an important sub-sector of agriculture. It accounts for 37.5% of agriculture value added and about 9.4% of the GDP. Similarly, fisheries play an important role in national income through export earnings Government has identified agriculture as a priority area for addressing problems of unemployment, poverty alleviation and for fostering economic development. The agricultural policy focuses on sustainable food security, increasing productivity, commercial agriculture, imports substitution, income diversification and export orientation.

Source: Board of Investment Pakistan  

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Rice Husking & Polishing Unit II - December 2006

Rice is consumed as a major food item after wheat in the world, as well as in Pakistan. Rice is grown on a large irrigated area in Pakistan and it is an important Kharif crop. During husking the rice is removed from the husk, while the rice is further refined through different machines, during the polishing process. The objective of this report is to provide information showing an investment opportunity for setting up a Rice Husking & Polishing Unit.

In Pakistan, the area under rice cultivation is the third largest, after the area under wheat and cotton crops. Total area under rice cultivation was 2.5 million hectare during the year 2004-05. The target for 2005-06 was set for 2.533 million hectare with a production of 5 million ton.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

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Rice Husking & Polishing Unit I - November 2006

Pakistan rank's No. 10 in rice production in the world and is 4th largest exporter of rice. Rice export target was set up $ 2 billion by 2013, but the exporters of rice are planning to enhance the export to $ 3 billion, mainly through value-addition. The target has been revised rice export from $ 1.6 to $ 2 billion because of the export potential of the commodity.

Exporters are focusing not only increasing export quantity by 15 percent per annum but also on value addition of the commodity. Therefore, we are giving here pre investment feasibility of a Rice Husking unit.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

  

Snacks Industry In Pakistan II - November 2006

According to latest figures the production of potato decreased to 1688,000 ton in 2005-06 as against 1938,000 ton in 2003-04, while area increased from 110,000 hectare to 127,000 hectare in 05-06. The target of potato production was set at 2025,000 ton and area under cultivation to 112,200 hectare for 2005-06. This shows that in spite of increasing area from 112,000 to 127,200 hectare the production target was short of 337,000 ton. The production in 2004-05 was 2025,000 ton.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

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Snacks Industry In Pakistan I - October 2006

Nobody cares about the price of potato chips packet, but when the cost is calculated it comes to about Rs. 500 per kg. It shows that how much value addition benefit products. Moreover, if a packet of imported chips is being used the price of a kg potato comes to Rs. 1,200 to Rs. 1,500!

Potato is widely grown in Pakistan and also exported to almost 12 countries of the world. It is the staple food in many countries and has high nutrition value. It becomes more precious when it comes in the form of value added products like potato chips, canned potato food, and other potato products.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

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Agriculture in Pakistan and the Doha Development Agenda - September 2006

The Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) is a major outcome of the Uruguay Round. It came into force on 1 January 1995 as part of the single undertaking. The preamble to the AoA recognizes that the agreed long-term objective of the reform process initiated by the Uruguay Round is to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system. The reform programme comprises specific commitments to reduce support and protection in the areas of domestic support, export subsidies and market access.

The AoA provides for implementation of the programme in an equitable manner among all Members by including aspects relating to nontrade concerns, such as food security and the need to protect the environment.

Source: European Commission - International Trade Centre

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Mushroom Cultivation review - April 2006

Only about 45 percent of mushrooms produced are consumed in the fresh form. The rest of the 55 percent is processed with 5 percent in the dehydrated form and 50 percent in the canned form. This is because their shelf life in the fresh form is very short. Hence mushrooms are traded in the world market mostly in the processed form.

Netherlands is the largest exporter of canned button mushrooms with a market share of about 38.5 percent. China is another significant exporter of the processed form of this variety, accounting for almost 30 percent of world trade. France is another important exporter, contributing to about 13.5 percent of the world exports.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

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Prospects of Wheat and Sugar Trade between India and Pakistan: A Simple Welfare Analysis - January 2006

Due to a long history of strained political relations between India and Pakistan, trade possibilities between the two neighbouring countries have rarely been studied [Nabi and Nasim (2001), Mukherji (2004)]. However, the recent thaw in India-Pakistan diplomatic ties and the stated need for confidence building measures (CBMs) between the two nuclear neighbours has generated a lot of interest in discovering possibilities of opening up of trade in more sectors at the levels of the two governments and the business communities.

Source: Centre for Management and Economic Research (CMER)

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