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Environmental Technologies Sector Review

 

Definition and scale of sector

  • Environmental products,
  • Environmental services (utilities) and specialist consultancies,
  • Energy production technologies

Why the sector was chosen in the West Midlands

  • Significant economic growth potential worldwide led by global concerns over climate change,
  • Diminishing resources and waste management.
  • Diversification opportunity related to skills available within region and technology transfer from existing sectors. Identified by recent DTI work as a regional cluster

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ARTICLES 

 Waste Management - October 2013

Economic growth, changing consumption pattern and production methods have resulted in rapid increase in generation of waste plastics in the world.The world’s annual consumption of plastics materials has increased from 5 million to ninthe1950s to nearly 100 million ton in 2010 showing that 20 times more plastics is being produced than 50 years ago. This indicates that 2 more resources are being used to meet the increasing demand of plastics, and on the other,more plastics waste is being generated.In Asia and the Pacific, as well as many other developing regions, plastics consumption has increased much more than the world average due to rapid urbanization and economic development.

PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

Source: IAR(Industrial Advisory Reports)

Sanitary Ware Manufacturing Unit - I - January 2013

Ceramics products made from inorganic materials having non metallic properties usually processed at a high temperature at some time during their manufacturing. It is an art of clayand fire.

The Sanitary Ware Products are classified under three broad categories on the basis of material type. Sanitary ware made of Plastics such as baths, showers, washbasins, bidets, lavatorypans, seats and covers, flushing cisterns of plastics; sanitary ware made of ceramics such as sinks, wash basins, wash basin pedestals, baths, bidets, lavatory pans, flushing
cisterns, urinals and similar sanitary fixtures and sanitary ware made of Iron or steel such as baths shower basins and wash basins.

In Pakistan ceramics sanitary ware industry has key strengths, e.g. a strong manufacturing skills base, and established training support infrastructure, sources of investment funding, transport infrastructure and national and international market etc.

These factors should be proactively promoted investors. Improvement in living standards and construction of buildings is generating the high demand of ceramics sanitary ware products both at national and international level. However the vender development program can help to standardize and quality and create more business opportunities in the
sector. Growth trend of ceramics sanitary ware industry has been increasing year after year. The industry has not only fulfilling the domestic needs but
also exporting small quantities of ceramics sanitary ware goods over the last few years.

PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)


 

Pakistan's Drinking Water And Environmental Sanitation Status In Post 2010 Flood Scenario:- March 2012

Abstract: The flood of July, 2010 severely influenced on drinking water and environmental sanitation systems in 82 out of 122 districts of Pakistan. As a consequence, several humanitarian organizations launched water supply and environmental sanitation relief and rehabilitation programs in the affected areas. Field standard methods were used to examine drinking water quality of 100 randomly collected samples and communities’ needs were investigated by conducting FGDs and personal interviews in two targeted districts (Swat and Sukkur). Moreover, different NGOs’ approaches in the provision of drinking water and environmental sanitation services were also critical analyzed. Microbiological water quality results indicated that 76%, 80% and 92%, 86% of water samples contains E. coli and total Coliforms in district Swat and Sukkur respectively. Turbidity, pH and conductivity of most of the water samples were within WHO standards. In the field studies it was noticed that the local people demands were changed from   emergency to early recovery phase and also their perceptions on relief activities were not rational.

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Source: T2012 Department of Environmental Engineering

 


Gas Scenario In Pakistan - II

During 2007-08, total energy demand in Pakistan was 62.9 Million TOE. Based on an expected GDP growth rate of 3.5 to 5 percent, the total energy import bill for 17 MMTOE was about
$12 billion that was estimated to increase 79 MMTOE at constant value of $70 BBL could lead to import of $41 billion in 2022. However, the government was trying to reduce the import bill to  $16 billion by the year 2022. While at the current prices of $120 a barrels the bill of import of oil may be $9,600 billion in 2022.


The oil import bill, during the seven months of 2011-12, reached $5.857 billion in July-January12 higher by 47.38 percent rose from $3.974 billion as against the last year. Import of crude oil was up by 18.21 percent to $2.902 billion as against $2.455 billion in the same period last year. 

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Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

 

 

Gas Scenario In Pakistan - I

It appears that the gas crisis in the country will continue to haunt the people and the industry in 2012 and may beyond that year. The projected gas deficit on SNGPL would increase from 1,216 MMcfd to 1312 MMcfd in 2011-12 and to soar to 1512 MMcfd in 2012-13. There would be a continuous rise in gas shortages and by 2014-15 it would touch 2,000 MMcfd and on SSGC to over 500 MMcfd by 2014-15.

The shortage of gas is estimated to reach at its
peak in 2022 that would make gas a rare commodity
in Pakistan.


Natural gas availability to the power sector also remained below requirement, especially to KESC averaged around 55 percent of its demand.t year.

PLEASE CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

 

 

Potential of Solar Power III - April 2010

Solar can meet the growing demand of energy and the target of 9700 MW generation by the year 2030. The Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB) has taken various initiatives, for remote village electrification program; AEDB is to electrify 7874 remote off-grid villages in the Sindh and Balochistan provinces through RE technologies.
AEDB has developed Wind Resource Analysis for wind speed benchmarking and has prepared the first Energy Purchase Agreement (EPA) for wind energy in Pakistan. Furthermore, ZORLU Energy Pakistan Ltd. has commissioned its first phase (6 MW) of a wind power plant in April 2009.
The 50 MW was to be commissioned by the end of the 1st quarter of the year 2010. AEDB has so far identified 50,000 acres of Government land in Sindh out of which 33,976 acres of land have been provisionally allocated. Eleven IPPs have completed their feasibility studies for 50 MW wind power projects each.
The Government of Pakistan has given a target for replacement of 5 percent of total annual petroleum diesel consumption with Biodiesel (diesel from molasses) by the year 2015 and 10 percent by 2025. A pilot project for a production plant of biodiesel has been successfully implemented. The project includes the electrification of a remote village in District Thatta, Sindh using Biodiesel technology. Beside,AEDB has engaged Pakistan State Oil (PSO) for furthering the National Biodiesel Programme and provided a production plant of biodiesel to PSO for the optimization of processing techniques for producing Biodiesel.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Potential of Solar Power II - March 2010

The power sector in Pakistan is a mix of Hydel and thermal units dominated by vertically integrated, in generation, transmission and distribution, by sector utilities public, Water and Power Development Authority, Wapda/Pepco and Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC). In addition to these, there are two nuclear power plants; Kanupp and Chanupp, and a number of independent power producers (IPPs) and small power producers (SPPs) established since 1994. Today many rental power plants are on their way to meet Pakistan's electricity requirements.
Energy plays an important role in economic development of a country. It is supposed a blood stream in production, a fuel for transportation and power source in electricity generation. The population of Pakistan is growing at more than 2 percent per annum and the demand of the energy is increasing. This has compelled the authorities to go in search of alternate or renewable energy sources.
Generating energy from fossil fuels is expensive and harmful to the environment. Electricity is generated from fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas, contributes to pollution problems, resulting in global warming, greenhouse effect and acid rain. The burning of fossil fuels gives off harmful chemicals like carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, arsenic and ash. The emission of these chemicals, particularly carbon dioxide, is leading to an increase in greenhouse effect. Greenhouse effect rises the temperature of the planet and due to this rise in temperature, glaciers have started to melt, raising the sea levels.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Potential of Solar Power I - March 2010

Pakistan is an energy deficient country. During the decade of the 1980s, the local production of energy satisfied only 86 percent of domestic demand and the remainder of the demand was met by imports.
The electricity demand has risen to almost 73,400 GWh owing to huge domestic, industrial, commercial and agricultural consumption. Particularly, the extensive use of home appliances has considerably enhanced electricity demand. This situation has led to the dire need of using alternate sources of energy, mainly the solar and wind energy. The officials said that the government and Pepco (Pakistan Electric Power Company) are trying to exploit maximum alternative electricity generation sources to bridge the existing demand and supply gap.
Contrary to this claim, a foreign expert says that although the Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB) was established in 2003 to promote renewable energy but 7 to 8 years have been wasted and it has not delivered desired results. In the mean time, countries across the world have made tremendous progress in the area of renewable energy.
The public sector failure indicates that now the time has come for the private sector to grab the opportunities of exploiting renewable energy. The current electricity and gas load shedding has resulted a loss of over Rs240 billion per annum in the industry alone. Over 400,000 workers have also lost their jobs.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Flouriculture in Pakistan III - November 2009

Demand for the cut flowers has increased greatly in the past two decades, due to increasing use of cut flowers in weddings ceremonies, birthday parties, office and home decoration and change in lifestyle of people.
Consumers are increasingly demanding high quality flowers. Similarly, the demand for bouquets and new varieties and colors of cut flower is also growing. In addition of grow demand, the favorable climate present in the country provides added benefits for investing in the floriculture sector. Floriculture crops give higher prices as compared to other agricultural crops and their product cycle is quite short, therefore, resulting in a much higher profit margin as compared to other conventional crops.
The objective setting upon cut flower pre investment feasibility of form of to cover various aspects, like production, finance and business management, of starting this project which will help the investor to take decision and reduce poverty.
The project is based to set up Cut Flower Farm for production of Gladiolus, Mari Gold, Statice and Chrysanthemum varieties. The report highlights all the marketing, management and financial aspects required for the establishment and running of the project.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Flouriculture in Pakistan II - October 2009

Floriculture is like any other business; to survive the business must make a profit. A considerable time and study before making a decision on the type of crop and location is necessary. The consumption basket is getting diversified towards value added floral products such as essences, perfumes and other by products from flowers. It is also important for production to respond to the shifts in consumption.
Pakistan is a country of small farming households, therefore, floriculture is the best option of enhancing the income of the under privileged. Introduction to the floriculture crop could be an important intervention in this regard where the farmer can earn much more by exploiting available natural resources more efficiently. Pakistan has favorable climate and cheap labor for growing these crops whereas they need much less land and water, which is scarce, for production and duration is far shorter than other crops.
These crops also give the premium prices almost round the year and there is no need to wait for a long time as in the case of other routine crops. Net profit against the investment is much higher for these crops compared with other conventional crops. The products are in high demand all over the world and Pakistan can easily entre in this particular markets.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Flouriculture in Pakistan I - October 2009

Pakistan Horticulture Development Export Board (PHDEB) will start production in mid next year, 2010. It would be the first of its kind exports oriented technology based pilot project of floriculture in Punjab.
The project would promote export oriented flowers industry. It aims to enhance flowers export to UAE, Saudi Arabia and European Union, besides other countries. The PHDEB initiated a number of steps to develop floriculture sector in the country.
The project would be started on a plot covering an area of about 1,000 acre and the estimated cost would be Rs280 million. It would provide around 250 to 300 direct employment while hundreds of indirect jobs will also be created.
After the release of funds in mid 2010 by the Planning Commission, PHDEB would promote flower industry by launching pilot projects in various cities of the country. The project includes model farm of 32 hectares consisting of green houses and packing houses. The project will not only be export oriented but would be a role model for floriculture.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports) 

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Agriculture Sector Report - September 2009

Agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan. It remains the single largest sector of Pakistan's economy contributing 20% of the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The agriculture sector provides employment to 44% of the country's labour force and 50% of labour employed are women. Due to the current food crisis, the importance of agriculture has been revived. In Pakistan, both local and foreign investors are beginning to take an interest in this sector that was neglected earlier on. The increased investment and business interest means that lots of opportunities will arise in the coming months and years for British companies to market their products and expertise. Pakistan's agriculture sector needs modernisation and is a good market for British companies providing modern machinery, technology and equipment, consultancy services, research, knowledge and skills development.
The agriculture sector consists of crops, livestock, horticulture, fishing and forestry sub-sectors. The crop sub-sector can be further divided into major crops (like sugarcane, wheat, cotton and rice) and minor crops (like pulses, potatoes, oilseeds and maize). The crop sector suffers from old farming techniques and inefficient use of land and water resources and thus yields of crops have been declining. 

Source: UK Trade & Investment (UKTI)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Investment Opportunities in Pakistan's Upstream Oil & Gas Sector - July 2009

Oil and Gas sector in Pakistan has seen phenomenal growth since the independence in 1947 when oil quantities produced were scarce. At that time there was no gas production. Over the past half century the petroleum industry has played a significant role in national development by making large indigenous gas discoveries. These sources are supplying gas to consumption centers through 9,843 kilometers transmission networks and 71,863 kilometers of distribution system. Pakistan meets about 15% of its oil demand from local sources.
Oil and Gas are major components of Pakistan's energy mix meeting over 79% of energy needs (Fig.1) and therefore, successive Governments since independence have attached high priority to this sector. The Governments have adopted consistent policies aimed at promoting foreign investment in upstream petroleum sector with the view to exploit indigenous hydrocarbon resources in an optimal manner for the benefit of the nation while providing adequate return to the investors. The driving force behind these policies has been the need to alleviate heavy dependence on imported oil, the prices of which in the international market exhibit great deal of volatility making the country prone to oil supply disruption risk as had been experienced in the past on several occasions (Iranian Boycott 1951-53, Suez Crisis 1956, Six-days War 1967, Ramadan War 1973, Iranian revolution 1979, Iran/Iraq war 1980, Gulf Crisis 1991) worldwide economic crises (2008).

Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Resources - Government of Pakistan 

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Chemical Industry in Pakistan I - March 2009

With the growth of industrial sector imports of chemicals is increasing but no significant progress has been made in the chemical sector of Pakistan. So far about Rs360 billion has been invested in the industry. To meet the growing demand more investment is required to curtail imports of the chemncial products. In 2007-08 alone Pakistan imported Rs329.3 billion worth of different chemicals, dyes and colours and chemical fertilizers, table-5.
Chemical sector plays a vital role in the economic development of a countrol. But Pakistan has not yet acertain the problems and causes hindering development of chemical industry and its potential.
Chemicals and allied products has become a necessity in today's life. They are being used in plastics, metals, wood or food, fibers, textiles, pharmaceuticals, paints and varnishes, dyes, paper and board, glass, pesticides, metallurgy, explosives, contruction materials, printing and many other industries.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports) 

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Chemical Industry in Pakistan II - March 2009

In the present days, chemical has a special importance in our lives, whether it is domestic sector or industrial sector, its use is increasing with every passing day.
The import of chemical in 2007-08 was more than $2.3 billion. The share of chemical was 12.4 percent in total imports.
Chemicals are divided in two main categories, commodity chemicals and specialty chemicals. Chemical sector is diversified and covers a vast range of products major of them are: Petrochemicals, Soda Ash and Sodium Bicarbonate, Fertilizers, Caustic Soda and Chlorine, Synthetic Fibers, Sulfuric Acid and Other acids, Alcohol from Molasses, Organic Chemicals, Pesticides, Dyes and Pigments, Plastics and Resins, Textile and Tannery Chemicals, Paints and Varnishes, Water Treatment Chemicals, Food Chemicals, Glass, Oleo Chemicals, Soaps, Detergents and Cosmetics, Paper and Paper board and Essential Oils.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports) 

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

BIOFULES - II - 16th January 2009 - IAR

As oil prices flared to record highs, the import bills of all the countries were also soared, and Pakistan has no exception. Biofuels, in which byproducts like ethanol are blended with regular fuel, are emerging as a major solution the world over. In the US elthanol is distilled for corn, whereas in Brazil sugar is used for the product. Many European nations blend rapeseed oil for biodiesel, while in the US vegetable oil is also mixed with diesel.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports) 

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

BIOFUELS - I  - IAR - 15th January 2009

The planning comminssion is making necessary arrangement for blending of 10% ethanol in petrol to be sold in Pakistan from the end of this year. The new product would be labelled as "E-10" and government said that there is no need for any alterations in the existing vehicles in order to make them run on E-10, a blend of 10% ethanol and 90% petrol.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports) 

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

  

 

Oil & Gas - A Report from UKTI - June 2008

Pakistan's economy is heavily dependent on Oil & Gas (O&G) with about 79% of the primary energy requirements being met through hydrocarbon, which includes 56% indigenous supplies.

The government offers lucrative incentives to the investors in the Oil & Gas (O&G) sector, which is evident from the fact that out of 26, sixteen are foreign petroleum companies operating in Pakistan including 6 from the UK. The current Petroleum Policy allows 100% foreign equity and no restriction on repatriation of capital, profit and dividends. All applications for exploration licences are decided within 60 days.

More information on the incentives offered by the government in O&G sector could be downloaded from the Board of Investment (BOI) website at www.pakboi.gov.pk

The sector attracts by far the highest level of foreign direct investment in the country and raises significant revenue for the government. In 2006-7 Oil & Gas and Petro-Refining sector attracted total FDI worth US$545.1m, which is 74% higher then the FDI in 2005-6. The government's long-term goal is to create a competitive efficiently run, financially viable and largely privatised O&G sector.

Pakistan's economy is undergoing significant structural changes and the real GDP growth is accelerating over the last three years - averaging 7-8% growth.  Over the next five years, 6-7 percent growth per annum is targeted to be sustained which will demand a commensurate rise in the energy use.

Source: UK Trade & Investment

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

Multitranche Financing Facility - Pakistan: Power Transmission Enhancement - January 2008

Tranche-1 of a multitranche financing facility (MFF) between the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC) for the Power Transmission Enhancement Investment Program (the Program) comprises Loan 2289-PAK for $226 million and Loan 2290-PAK for $10 million. Loan 2289-PAK supports investment in new transmission assets. Loan 2290-PAK supports the preparation and monitoring of financing tranches and capacity strengthening of NTDC. The investment project comprises 19 subprojects
covering new substations and additions to existing substations, the installation of compensation equipment, and a new overhead line. Planned completion dates are staggered from mid-2007 to mid-2009.

Source: Asian Development Bank

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Alternate Energy - October 2007

Petroleum import bill incresaed from $6.67 billion, 2005-06, to as high as $7.73 billion in fiscal year 2006-07, grew 10 percent over the period under review. The import of oil products increased by 29.59 percent to $3.73 billion during the said period as against $2.88 billion in the same period last year. The import bill of crude oil has declined by about five percent to $3.60 billion as against $3.79 billion during the period under review.

Source: IAR ( Industrial advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

  

Coal Based Power Project III - September 2007

The coal deposits in Pakistan was known before independence, but its economic value was highlighted in 1980, when large reserves of coal were discovered in the Lakhra and Sonda, Tharparkar District of Sindh Province. These reserves spread over an area of 10,000 sq km. This discovery has provided a quantum increase in the coal resources of Pakistan and made the country having the 7th largest coal reserve among the top 20 countries in the world.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Coal Based Power Project IV - September 2007

The prices of coal in the world market are determined by the demand of importing countries. The figures indicate the demand of coal of some of the countries, including Pakistan, IAR # 71. India which used to import 10 million ton of coal for cement and power has crossed 32 million ton and its demand is expected to grow to 45 to 50 million ton in coming years.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Power Sector - A Report from UKTI - September 2007

Pakistan's economy has doubled during the last five years with an average growth rate of 7%. Over the next five years, The Government of Pakistan (G.o.P.) envisages 6-7 percent growth per annum. This growth has led to rising energy demands, particularly for electricity, which is growing at 8-9% p.a. Nationally, peak electricity demand is currently 15,500MW against a guaranteed supply of 15,000MW. According to the GoP, by 2010 the gap between power demand and supply is expected to grow to 5,500MW in a zero capacity addition scenario.

Electricity Generation is one of the key sectors on the government agenda as the country is facing power shortages, especially during the summer due to the extensive use of air-conditioners, chillers and other electric appliances. As a result there are frequent power breakdowns and loadshedding throughout the country. On average, the household sector has been the largest consumer of electricity, accounting for 44.3 percent of total electricity consumption, followed by the industrial sector with 29.1 percent.

Source: UK Trade and Investment

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

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Pakistan Light engineering sector - March 2007

The state of the engineering industry describes the status of industrialization of a country since it portrays the capability to add value to the primary products and of indigenous production of plants and machinery. The developed countries have assigned high priority to the engineering industry in their own country. The range of light engineering goods covers electrical goods, transport equipment, domestic appliances, telecommunication equipment etc. There are about 2,500 registered units and a much larger number in the unorganized sector, with fixed assets of over Rs 100 billion. A number of small industrial units are operating in Karachi, Lahore, Gujarat, Gujranwala and Sialkot.

Source: Board of Investment Pakistan

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Pakistan's Waters At Risk - February 2007

Water is an essential element for our survival. Unfortunately, while Pakistan is blessed with adequate surface and groundwater resources, rapid population growth, urbanization and unsustainable water consumption practices have placed immense stress on the quality as well as the quantity of water resources in the country. Deterioration in water quality and contamination of lakes, rivers and groundwater aquifers has resulted in increased waterborne diseases and other health impacts.

Source: World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

FOR FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

 

Alternative Energy I - January 2007

The import bill of petroleum increased 21.83 percent during the July-December period of fiscal year 2006 to $3.711 billion as against $3.046 billion in the corresponding period last year. The share of oil in the total import bill reached 25 percent as against 22 percent during the same period last year. It indicates that the share of oil import is still on the top despite a decline in oil prices in the international market.

The import of petroleum products increased 58.96 percent to $1.882 billion as against $1.184 billion. However, growth in import of crude oil declined by 1.75 percent to $1.828 billion as against $1.862 billion in the same months last year. Therefore, like last year, oil import bill was the main head of the trade deficit this year because of its greater consumption.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Alternative Energy II - February 2007

All renewable energy-based power projects will enjoy the following fiscal and financial incentives. These facilities shall be equally applicable to private, public-private, and public sector renewable energy power projects.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

  

Bottled Water Plant - January 2007

For providing clean drinking water to the masses the Ministry of Industries Production and Special Initiatives has set January 20, 2007 as a deadline for all the local governments, Punjab, Sindh, NWFP. FATA, AJK and Northern Areas, and the related department like Project Directorate Clean Drinking Water Initiative (CDWI) and the concerned water companies to make all the drinking water plants operational, installed under CDWI.

The deadline was announced with consultation of Secretaries, Local Governments, Secretary Public Health Engineering Balochistan, Chairman PCRWR, Additional Secretary to Governor, FATA and MDs and representatives of WASA of Lahore, Multan, Karachi, Hyderabad, Rawalpindi and Faisalabad. Punjab government indicated that almost all the installed plants have been made functional except 15, which will be made functional till the January 20, 2007 deadline. Sindh Government informed that out of 35 nonfunctional plants 15 have been made functional and the remaining 20 will be made operational before the deadline. The Local Government, NWFP also showed some progress on making the plants functional.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

  

Drinking Water - December 2006 

Water is a blessing and all the human being dreadfully need safe and fresh water. According to ADB, approximately 20 percent of Asians do not have easy access to water while almost 60 river basins in Asia have been identified as potential flash points for inter-state conflict.

Water availability in Pakistan continues to decrease, both in total amount of water as well as in the per capita water availability. In 1951, when population stood at 34 million, per capita availability of water was 5,300 cubic meters, which has now decreased to 1,105 cubic meters, just touching water scarcity level of 1,000 cubic meters. With present growth in population and the low rainfalls, the upper limit of water scarcity i.e. 1,000 m3 of water per capita per year may be reached as early as the year 2010.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

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Oil & Gas sector review - December 2006 

Oil and gas is one of Pakistan's major focuses for attracting inward investment and raising revenue. The breakdown of energy resources is:

  • Natural gas: 52%
  • Oil: 28%
  • Coal: 7%
  • Hydro Electricity: 12%
  • Nuclear: 1%

It currently imports 85% of its energy needs, including over $4 billion of oil a year. The energy demand over the next five years is expected to grow at a rate of 7.4% per annun (Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources).

Source: British High Commission

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Energy Conservation In Cement Industry - October 2006  

The conservation of energy is an essential step that takes towards overcoming the mounting problems of the worldwide energy crisis and environmental degradation. In particular, developing countries are interested to increase their awareness on the inefficient power generation and energy usage in their countries.

The cement industry consumes much energy. The cement industry is also noted for great percentage of the energy cost in the total production cost. In the cement industry, appreciable amounts of energy could be saved or conserved by preventing of leakage in the kilns, modifying the equipment to recover heat from the preheater and cooler in the process of cement-making and effective use of industrial waste materials.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

   

Oil and Gas sector - May 2006 

The government offers lucrative incentives to the investors in the Oil & Gas (O&G) sector, which is evident from the fact that out of 26, twenty-two are foreign petroleum companies operating in Pakistan including 6 from the UK. The current Petroleum Policy allows 100% foreign equity and no restriction on repatriation of capital, profit and dividends. All applications for exploration licences are decided within 60 days.

The sector attracts by far the highest level of foreign direct investment in the country and raises significant revenue for the government. In 2004-5 Oil & Gas and Petro-Refining sector attracted total FDI worth US$217.5m. The government's long-term goal is to create a competitive efficiently run, financially viable and largely privatised O&G sector.

Source: UK Trade and Investment

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Iron And Steel Industry - March 2006 

At the time of partition neither any steel works nor any defence-oriented industry existed in the areas falling within the geographical boundaries of Pakistan whereas India had full-fledged steel mills operating before partition. However, the progress is quite satisfactory and the number of steel units in the organized sector has increased from nil to over 500.

Pakistan's economy has shown robust growth of 8.4 percent in 2005 compared to 6.4 percent during the last year, supported by an impressive growth in manufacturing sector. The high growth of GDP has triggered staggering growth in various sectors of the economy particularly bringing a surge in steel demand.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

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Paper & Board Industry I - February 2006 

Pakistan had no paper and paper board manufacturing unit at the time of independence and the entire needs were met through imports. First paper unit was established in 1956, with a 500 tons per annum production capacity. With this humble beginning, more units were then set up in Punjab, NWFP and Sindh, producing various grades of paper, using local and imported raw materials. However, due to ill planned growth in the 80's and 90's, many of the units are lying closed since that time.

At present, there are about 100 units in the organized and unorganized sectors, having a cumulative installed capacity of 650 thousand tons per annum. The units in organized sector have a capacity of 20 to 300 tons per day. The organized sector comprises of 26 paper-manufacturing units with 575 thousand tons production capacity. These units produce Writing and Printing Paper, Wrapping and Packing Paper, White duplex coated, Un-coated board, Chip Board and other board.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Paper & Board Industry II (Paper Cone Manufacturing) - February 2006 

There are thousands of printing presses using paper of different types. But they are facing numerous problems due to high rate of taxes and duties. For instance, the printer and publishers pay various taxes include corporation tax, old age benefit tax, social security tax, labor tax and GST. These multiple taxes hindering the growth of the industry not only printing and publishing but also paper industry. The common man is also directly hit because the prices of books, notebooks increased by 30 to 35 percent. The price of copies that were being sold for Rs. 5 to 20 rose from Rs. 10 to 30, which directly deprived the middle class of standard books.

There are more than 20,000 printers enrolled at DCO, Office Press Branch. There are thousands of hundreds publishers, designer, composer, bookbinder, paper cutter, die-maker and die-cutter who are affected with the slum in paper industry. Millions of people are attached with this sector that helps to reduce unemployment in the country.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

Paper & Board Industry III - March 2006

Corrugated packages provide efficient and convenience for marketing of the product. When compared with wooden crates, corrugated boxes are light to carry and are preferred by airfreight companies. They are recyclable unlike non-recyclable packaging that has to be burnt at the end of its life.

It is expected that due to high economic growth of manufacturing sector there would be an increase in the demand for packaging facilities as well. There are vast potential for investment in packaging industry.

Source: IAR (Industrial Advisory Reports)

FOR THE FULL REPORT PLEASE CLICK HERE

 

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