Tripura is rich in natural resources like natural oil and gas, rubber, tea and medicinal plants. It is also known for its vibrant food processing, bamboo and sericulture industry.
Tripura acts as a gateway between Northeast India and Bangladesh. This offers immense potential for international trade. Tripura is connected with the rest of Northeast India by National Highway (NH)-44.
Improved rail and air connectivity and establishment of trade routes have further facilitated the trade. The state has many unexplored sectors such as organic spices, bio-fuel and eco-tourism. The literacy rate of Tripura at 73.2 percent is higher than then a national rate . A substantial portion of the population in the age group of 15 to 25, in major towns, is computer literate.
With its pleasant climate and scenic landscape, Tripura is a favoured tourist destination. The state offers visitors a variety of choices such as temples, rivers and rock carvings.
Top of page
Tripura has vast reserve of natural gas. The gas is available in non-associate form, with high methane content of up to 97 per cent. Presently, 1.5 million standard cubic meters per day (MMSCMD) of gas is available, which is likely to go up at the level of 6.0 MMSCMD by 2012-13. Concessional gas-pricing and vast reserves offer potential for setting up industries in this sector.
Natural gas is available in the Baramura hills and in Rokhia. Natural gas-based thermal plants have been set up in both the places.
The agro-climatic conditions are favourable for growing various fruit and horticultural crops. In 2008-09, the state produced pineapple (1,06,406 tonnes per annum [TPA]), jackfruit (256,280 TPA), orange (18,150 TPA), cashew (1,542 TPA) and coconut (19.8 million nuts per annum). Tripura's pineapples and oranges are known for their unique flavour and organic nature of produce.
In 2008-09, the major spices produced in the state were ginger (182,000 Million Tonnes (MT), turmeric (267,000 MT), chillies (75,000 MT) and black pepper (10,000 MT).
A modern food park is being set up near Agartala to give a fillip to this sector. An agri-export zone for pineapple is also being developed. The state also has potential in the meat-processing sector.
Tripura is the second largest rubber producer in the country, after Kerala. The total area under plantation is 35,760 hectares. As of 2009, rubber production in the state was18 455 TPA.
Natural rubber-based activities have been declared as the thrust sector because of its special significance to the state. With a total plantation potential for 1 million hectares, there is significant potential for setting up of rubber-based industries in the state.
The State Government is setting up a rubber park with technical support of the Rubber Board, Government of India.
A rubber wood factory has been set up in September 2009 in the Anandanagar area, which is a first in the Northeast and the second-largest, such unit in the country.
India's second-biggest heat-resistant; rubber-thread manufacturing plant was commissioned in Tripura in 2006. With an installed capacity of 5,000 TPA, the plant employs over 80 per cent of its workforce from the local population. The project cost was US$ 17 million.
The agro-climatic conditions in Tripura are suitable for tea plantation. Tripura is categorized as a traditional tea-growing state with about 60 tea estates and 4,000 small tea-growers. Together, they produce about 7.8 million kg of tea every year. This makes Tripura the fifth-largest tea producing state, after Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
There is a considerable scope to increase the area under tea plantation as well as productivity for Tripura to become a leading tea producer like Assam.
Tripura is endowed with rich and diverse bamboo-resources. About 10-15 species of bamboo are grown across Tripura.
Bamboo is commercially used for crafts, mats, incense sticks, furniture, home décor, baskets and bags. There is potential to develop more industrial products based on bamboo.
Efforts are being made to promote bamboo as a substitute to timber. The State Government has established a Tripura Bamboo Mission as an initiative aimed at the integrated development of the bamboo sector in Tripura.
Top of page
Handlooms, Handicrafts, and Sericulture
Tripura handloom represents a unique harmonious blend of three traditions-tribal, Bengali and Manipuri weaving.
Tripura is known for its cane and bamboo handicrafts. Over 10,000 artisans are engaged in the production of over 200 handicrafts products in the state.
Sericulture is also an important occupation in the state. Around 4,500 beneficiaries are directly involved in this occupation.
The state produces a wide variety of products such as silk and cotton saris, lungis, shirts, jute carpets, bedspreads and furnishing fabrics.
Tripura has at least 266 medicinal plants with 68 species of trees, 71 herbs, 39 shrub and 88 climbers. The State Government has constituted a Medicinal Plant Board of Tripura. A Medicinal Plant Policy has been declared by the State Government.
In Tripura, the medicinal plants are cultivated through Joint Forest Management committees in the nine forest territorial divisions with funding assistance from the Medicinal Plants Board of Tripura.
Tripura is an attractive tourist destination because of its rich flora and fauna. As of March 2009, 250,000 tourists visited the state. Places of interest in the state include Ujjayanta palace, Unakoti, Tripurasundar itemple, Bhuvan eshwari temple, Dumboor lake, Neermahal, Jampui hill, Devtamura rock carvings and Pilak.
Educated and low-cost human resource is available in the state making it attractive to the IT industry. Under the IT Policy, 2000, the State Government is taking initiatives to promote IT education in schools as well as e-governance. The Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) is setting up a software park in Agartala at a cost of US$ 1 million.
Investments and FDI inflows
According to the Reserve Bank of India, FDI inflows from April 2000 to October 2009 amounted to US$ 55.03 million.
As of December 2008, outstanding investments in the state were US$ 2.3 billion. Mining and electricity sectors accounted for about 74 per cent of the state's total outstanding investments.
Top of page
More Information on Tripura
Top of page