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Medical Technologies Sector Review


Definition and scale of sector

  • Polymer/metal components,
  • Electronics/electromechanical sub assemblies,
  • Medical instrumentation,
  • Pharmaceutical production, wholesaling

Why the sector was chosen in the West Midlands

  • High rate of growth but from a low case.
  • Full role played by the medical market place on regional industry is understated given the role played by industries that supply multiple markets e.g. polymers.
  • Higher Education based investments demonstrate a potential for spin off activity. Opportunities for diversification. Major training region in Medical Schools and CE for the NHS.

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Pharmaceutical Sector - May 2008

Pharmaceuticals is one of the highest priority sectors in Bangladesh. With an annual two-digit growth rate the Bangladesh pharmaceutical industry is now heading towards self - sufficiency in meeting local demand. There are more than 200 small, medium, large and multinational companies operating in the country producing around 95% of the total demand. The sector is the second highest contributor to the national ex-chequer after tobacco and it is the largest white-collar intensive employment sector in Bangladesh. 95% of the total demand of Bangladesh is being met by local manufacturing. The remaining 5% basically constitute import of very specialised products like vaccines, anti-cancer products and hormone drugs.

The WTO's Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement signed in 2002 has allowed all the least developed countries (LDCs) to export patent-free drugs to anywhere in the world between 2006 and 2016.  Among the 49 LDCs, Bangladesh has the strongest base to manufacture pharmaceutical products, although the country hardly has any raw material production facilities.

Source: Uk Trade and Investment(UKTI)


 14 Months of emergency in Bangladesh - Odhikar Report - March 2008

Odhikar continued monitoring human rights situations inculding infringement of rights during the state of emergency proclaimed on January 11, 2007. Due process of law is a very important element in the human rights check-list. In this regard, Odhikar monitored the status of those who have been detained durning the state of emergency, including politician, under the Emergency Power Rules, 2007 and the "selective" application of law.

Source: Odhikar Report



ADB's Policy for the Health Sector - February 2007

The Asia and Pacific regions is home to 690 million people living on incomes of less than $1 per day. They account for more than two thirds of worl's poor. Most live in areas where health services are inadaquate or nonexistent. Poverty leads to poor nutriotion and inadequate acces to heath care, wich cause health to deteriorate.

In turn, poor health prevents  the poor from being productive members of society. This is a vicious cycle of impoverishment. Health is also a key inoput to economic development: goos health enhances the productivity of the workforce and increases the attractiveness of the economy to domestic and foreign investors.

Source: Asian Development Bank



TB Policy in Bangladesh - A Civil Society Perspective - December 2006

On the first World TB Day of the new millennium, ministerial representatives of the 20 countries carrying 80 percent of the global tuberculosis (TB) burden adopted the Amsterdam Declaration to Stop TB. By adopting the Declaration, these governments pledged to take bold new steps in addressing the TB epidemic in their countries and affirmed their commitment to "implement, monitor and evaluate" their national TB programs according to the TB control strategy recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

For the TB Monitoring Project, Public Health Watch civil society partners in Bangladesh, Brazil, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Thailand have prepared assessments of national TB policies based on a standardized questionnaire, which facilitates structured review of governmental compliance with key elements of the Amsterdam Declaration and the WHO TB control strategy. Public Health Watch researchers come from a range of backgrounds, including academia, development, journalism, and independent activism, and from both large and small nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

Source: Open Society Institute, Public Health Program



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